juvenile justice system problems essay

Differences between Juvenile and Adult Systems Criminal Justice Systems, CJA302, Module IV – Case Assignment Dr. Gregory Herbert March 8, 2009 History of Criminal Justice System: Differences between Juvenile and Adult Systems When we talk about a juvenile being considered an adult for the purpose of administering justice, there are a multitude of factors that need and should be … As for now, all the countries have special laws for punishing such offenses, and they are quite mild. This recidivism rate is 20% higher that the New York adult criminal justice system. In the 1800s, they believed that the death sentence was one of the only ways to teach people that crime is not permissible, and even if children committed a very low-level crime, they could be put to death. Law enforcement, Today 's concept of the juvenile justice system is relatively new due to significant modifications in policy overtime. Problems and Solutions in Juvenile Justice. Through rehabilitative services and programs the juvenile will have an opportunity to make positive changes in their lives and become more productive members of society. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Juvenile Justice System Essay. In Oklahoma, precisely the Creek County area of Oklahoma, which is likely one of the highest areas of juvenile offenders in the state there exists a definite problem of dealing with the issues of juvenile crime. Instead of rehabilitating juvenile and taking steps in repairing the family the juvenile justice system has been quick to punish the juvenile. The cases arise from dealing with certain aspects that comes from handling juveniles entering the system. The main differences between the juvenile justice system and criminal justice system is rehabilitation and, were treated the same as adult criminals. Despite this goal juvenile justice system, in many cases, has failed to rehabilitate the juvenile and instead have become more prone to placing juvenile delinquents in juvenile detention facilities, or trying them as adult offenders. prisons, courts and the criminal justice system. Juvenile offenders in current society commit the same delinquent acts of the past but they also commit offenses that are far more serious and violent than when the juvenile justice system was first established. It is instead focused on punishing juveniles for their bad behavior. The better juvenile justice professionals understand the failure of the system the more effective they can be in developing more effective measures for ensuring the juvenile learns new and positive behavior and does not grow up to become an adult criminal offender. The fact is in the juvenile justice system there have been many failures that have resulted in many challenges. Crime And Social Problems In The Juvenile Justice System. Furthermore, the juvenile justice system has no real punitive measures that can be put in place to deal with juvenile offenders who should be removed from society. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! Awarded design system justice essay about juvenile - based learning, in. Research has shown that the juvenile justice system has failed in their goal to rehabilitate juveniles to ensure they do not grow up to become adult criminals. 1082 Words 4 Pages. Many problems arise when it comes to different factors within the juvenile justice system. The judges in the state are quick to detain the juvenile because the state has become limited in the resources available to rehabilitee the juvenile offender. Upper Iowa University These failings within the juvenile justice system can be attributed to the lack of education, lack of support services and an inability to incarcerate the more serious juvenile offenders. In other states, such as Oklahoma or Texas, the rate is even higher. The new Partnership consists of four Resource Centers that will … Juveniles was once treated as adults when they committed crimes and were subjected to harsh punishments. Brooks et al. To put it more precisely, the juvenile justice system is traditionally different from the adult justice system. Available statistics on juvenile delinquency in India reveal that the problem is not as tense as in the western world. In order to approve grants to help fight Juvenile delinquency, the application is required to go through SMART that has a formula. Juvenile And Juvenile Justice System Essay. Did they participate in the crime? In fact despite the proof that rehabilitative programs can work the state has failed to aggressively implement them and prefers instead to detain or incarcerate. The juvenile justice system pushes for extreme crimes to gain justice. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Unfortunately, this is not true within the current judicial system. Minorities, African Americans especially, are placed in juvenile detention centers or receive waivers that require them to be tried as adults. Juvenile justice has always been a controversial question because some people consider that children should be tried for crimes the same way the adults are since the harm is usually the same and, sometimes, the consequences are even more dramatic. Before answering, take into consideration every possible scenario that could have led them to commit the crime. "The juvenile court was the culmination of efforts of the positivist, The juvenile justice system was founded with the goal to serve the best interests of the child, with an understanding that youth possessed different needs than adults. According to, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention in 2010 shows that juveniles accounted for 12% of the violent crime index and 14% of property crime index. These challenges make it difficult for the juvenile justice system to meet its original goal of rehabilitation and have resulted instead with juveniles that are not reformed but instead have the tools to become adult offenders. The juvenile system goes through the course of rehabilitation, punishment, treatment, and custody. However, today, the youth tends to commit […] Here is your Essay on Juvenile Justice System in India ! Many believe juveniles commit these delinquent acts due to exposure to social problems such as violence, racism, poverty, and culture. The research showed that law enforcement, which has discretion in what happens to the juvenile, is far more likely to detain the minority juvenile and release the non-minority juvenile into the custody of their parents or guardian. the prison system, but most importantly why is there a high percentage of delinquents. Although the justice system understands that most juveniles’ offenders are too young to truly understand the consequences, many of them are still transferred to courts to be tried as adults. It is time to stop dragging out justice and sentencing and dragging our feet in dispensing quick and just due. Another significant example in the evolution of the juvenile justice system in cited in 1966 when the U.S Supreme Court made a ruling that a juvenile was entitled to a court session when his attorney can access all his records and in which the court offers a written report, citing all the reasons for the bind over to the adult system. The justice system has been trying to figure out effective ways to treat juvenile criminal offenders successfully for years. The thing is that, it hasn’t always gone that way. Children are the future of America and if they can be reached prior to taking the wrong road then the potential of changing the level of violence in this country could be substantial. Instead of delinquents making positive changes in their life, they instead graduate up to adult prison and become adult criminal offenders. Since the reform efforts the juvenile receive discipline but is not subject to inhuman treatment. To read the essay, scroll down. In 1899, the juvenile justice system … (Juvenile Justice) They are children, and the lack of maturity and brain development can produce risky, impulsive behavior, and should be treated rather than persecuted and written off. After a two-and-a-half year investigation by the Civil Right Division it was discovered similar to the adult criminal justice system that the minority is treated more harshly than the non-minority. Juvenile justice systems across the country are experiencing major challenges resulted in a failure to meet their original goal to change the deviant behavior of the juvenile delinquent by focusing on rehabilitation in order to ensure juveniles have an opportunity for a future life as a productive citizen. This is a problem because a minor cannot be sentenced the same as an adult if they are denied an attorney. At times, the juvenile justice system can sentence an offender to a detention facility, which is one of the most ineffective treatments a youth could receive. Once the juvenile delinquent becomes a part of the system, adult or juvenile, they have difficulty escaping from the stigma and moving on to create better lives. To combat the social problem there have been attempts to revive an act that once helped with this social problem. Were they peer pressured? The program provides the juveniles with an opportunity to obtain their high school diploma or G.E.D and an opportunity to learn a new job skill. In research conducted by Annie Casey Foundation it was discovered that the juvenile justice system is ineffective, dangerous, and inadequate. In fact 80% of juveniles who enter New York’s juvenile facilities end up returning or graduating to adult prisons within three years (Louis, 2008). Blair Klostermann The main thing is getting parents or the guardian more involved in the child’s whereabouts. The idea of a separate justice system for juveniles is just over one hundred years old (American Bar). We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. These studies have shown that more juveniles that are transferred to the criminal justice system ends up back in the system, which means the recidivism rate is, Introduction In the law, a juvenile is defined as a person who is not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts. No plagiarism, guaranteed! “Ibis may be due to variations in living conditions such as greater family affiliation and parental control, stronghold of religious convictions and due regard for moral precepts in Indian society. The Texas juvenile justice system has large caseloads where juveniles in some cases will be detained for a year without ever going in front of a judge. There are many problems that plague our current criminal justice system. To write an essay in juvenile justice, you need to understand the law, sociology, and developmental psychology, as they explain the phenomenon of crimes committed by juveniles. Further, those who ended up being sentenced to juvenile prison were 37 times more likely to be arrested again as adults, compared with similarly misbehaved kids who were either not caught or not put into the system (Szalavitz, 2009). The Issues Of The Criminal Justice System 1526 Words | 7 Pages. Majority of the delinquency comes from their juvenile life stage. Juveniles that are laced in detention centers are faced with becoming more aggressive than the next juvenile just to survive. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! Since then, the justice system has gone through phases of accepting, Juvenile Justice Consultant Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? The juvenile justice system has been around for several hundred years. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation recently announced the establishment of ... effectiveness, performance, and outcomes of the juvenile justice system. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Despite reforms made to the juvenile justice system, changes are still needed. Juveniles that are detained or that are adjudicated to the adult court system are not taught new positive behaviors that assist them in becoming upstanding members of society and instead they learn new criminal behaviors. The law was in the image of the common law of England. The court cases concerning juveniles and the decisions that have come from them is what has made what the juvenile justice system is today, The juvenile justice system and criminal justice system also known as the adult justice system is two different systems. When juveniles are placed within juvenile detention centers instead of sent being home with their parents and being required to attend rehabilitative programs and services that will assist them in changing their behavior and leading a more positive lifestyle. Research has shown that juveniles that are placed in juvenile detention centers are seven times more likely to grow up to become adult criminal offenders or to be tried as an adult while juveniles. Juvenile justice officers were known for being cruel and aggressive. 1st Jan 1970 The Juvenile Justice system is constantly increasing in numbers because children who are abuse usually end up in the juvenile Justice system because of behavior such as truancy, vagrancy, running away from home and corruptibility. The lacking of effective counseling services for juvenile delinquents before and after being detained or incarcerated has been considered a large part of the overall problem in the juvenile justice system as well as a very low success rate in making positive changes in the life of the juvenile offender. William Blackstone, Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England, first published, Juveniles committing crimes is not a new issued being introduced to society; actually, it has been an issue for centuries. Research on the other hand shows that juveniles have underdeveloped, How Technology Has Changed Business Environment, Drug Discovery And Development Of New Medicine, Ambiguous Concepts Of Insolvency Between Temporary Lack Of Liquidity, Communication Is Essential For Business As Well As Interpersonal Relationships, Non Verbal And Interpersonal Communication, Extreme Poverty : Causes, Effects, And Solutions. Company Registration No: 4964706. The failure to employ rehabilitative services has resulted in a growing juvenile justice population. Are they old enough to no longer be treated as children? list the responsibilities of society when a juvenile is put into jail: the health, the safety, and the development of the offenders (44). Since juveniles are very different from adults they have to deal with them a certain way and a case by case basis. Juvenile Reform: On the Right Track? The criminal justice system conducts trials, determines guilt, and decides what kind of punishments to give to adults who have committed some sort of crime. Show More. The juvenile justice system and criminal justice system also known as the adult justice system is two different systems. The juvenile justice system is children who are under the age of 18 years old. One of the largest concerns of all law enforcement personnel should be the juvenile justice system. Today, the debate over the development and change of the modern juvenile justice system raises the problem of its adaptation to the specific environment, where the juvenile justice system is implemented. In the nineteenth century, all juvenile … There were 130 hours of workshops that targeted educational needs for youths in the juvenile justice system to childhood maltreatment and later …show more content… Proposition 47 with a winning vote of 60 percent. The justice system did not always have a special category for juveniles and their crime. A Problem Of Fixing The Parole System For Juveniles 1819 According to Ryan Haggerty, a Chicago Tribune reporter, “More than half of the people released from the state’s Department of Juvenile Justice facilities are later incarcerated again in the juvenile system, according to the study by the Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission” (Haggerty). The juvenile justice system is children who are under the age of 18 years old. Juvenile justice is very different in every state and can be very similar as well because every system has limited jurisdiction and that most focus on the offenders and not their offenses. According to Schmalleger (2009) Status offenses were a natural outgrowth of juvenile court philosophy. Kids under 18 can commit crimes too. According to Schmeltzer (2009) Status offenses were a natural outgrowth of Juvenile court philosophy. The juvenile system is inconsi… There are some programs that can be implemented when trying to make a change in the juvenile system. How old are they? While juveniles are afforded some due process rights, the juvenile justice system is not focused on equality or even justice. The essay sample on Juvenile Justice Essay dwells on its problems, providing shortened but comprehensive overview of basic facts and arguments related to it. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Did they have any other choice, them. This system is where juveniles are processed, and may be arrested after referrals for juvenile delinquency. Some people would argue that a criminal is just that, regardless of age. Criminology Many would like the system to be abolished because of its nature and the coast to keep the system is high. ... Reformers have been making changes within the juvenile justice system in order to get the system working at its best. However, juvenile justice has not always been driven by this philosophy. After the age of 18, it is considered to be an adult it will enter through the adult justice system. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. Whilst today’s intergeneration effects of poverty and the loss of autonomy fuel Indigenous disadvantage, the criminal law institution is another contributor which vividly displays disadvantages and barriers which preclude Indigenous Australians from sufficiently accessing justice. In research conducted by Annie Casey Foundation it was discovered that the juvenile justice system is ineffective, dangerous, and inadequate. You can view samples of our professional work here. In New York the juvenile justice system became so corrupt and the treatment of juveniles so inhumane the governor called for a complete overhaul and reform of the New York juvenile justice system (Louis, 2008). The report also said black juveniles were treated more harshly than white teenagers in detention practices and transfers to criminal court to be tried as adults (Dries, 2012). The research will seek to understand the extent of the failures of the juvenile justice system by presenting statistical research and real world examples of these failures. These failures have been attributed to the delinquent or criminal behavior of the minority by the juvenile justice system but by critics it has been attributed to racial profiling of police and bias in the juvenile courts. The criminal justice system has an important role in society to maintain order and to ensure that law is equal and fair; no matter age, ethnicity, race, sex, or social economical status. However, the big question is, should juveniles be tried in adult courts? The Juvenile Re-entry of Oklahoma County program is one such program that has been shown to be successful with only a 10% failure rate (Kelly, 2010). This has been an issue in the juvenile system since the early 1800s. Was the juvenile even aware of what was taking place? 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